Dental implants: procedure, types, and cost and benefits

Making the decision to have a dental implant placed can be a difficult one. It can be hard to accept that replacing any tooth is necessary and the different options can seem overwhelming at first. Dental technology has come a long way in recent decades, however. Dental implants have a high success rate and can look and feel exactly the same as natural teeth.

What are dental implants?

Dental implants are false teeth that are affixed to the jawbone. They are not removable in the same way that dentures are and this has several advantages. First, dentures can move around and make it difficult to eat or speak. Second, they can cause infections and tooth decay in the remaining teeth. Third, certain foods such as apples or caramel cannot be eaten while wearing dentures. Fourth, they have to be removed overnight and cleaned thoroughly. Fourth, you will lose more and more of your jawbone the longer there are no teeth fixed in them.

In contrast, dental implants behave exactly as your natural teeth do. You can eat any food you want, the surrounding bones and teeth won’t be damaged by them, you clean them with a toothbrush and floss just as you do with your natural teeth, and your jawbone will not deteriorate.

Types of dental implants

There are three main types of dental implants:

1) Endosteal. This is the most common and preferred type of dental implant. With this type of implant, a titanium screw is placed into the jawbone where it will fuse with the bone over time. After it has fused, a replacement tooth can be fitted to it. The screw acts the same way as a natural tooth’s root does and it holds the replacement tooth in place and secure. To be able to have an endosteal dental implant, your jawbone will need to be intact and healthy.

2) Subperiosteal. This is the second most common dental implant and it is used when there is not enough jawbone to hold an endosteal implant in place. This implant is not screwed into the jawbone but rests on top of the bone and under the gum. A metal frame is placed under the gum and a replacement tooth is affixed to this.

3) Zygomatic. These are also used when there is not enough jawbone to use an endosteal implant, but rather than place the implant under the gum, they used the bone in the cheeks to affix it.

What happens before, during, and after?

When you have your initial appointment with your dentist, they will examine your teeth and your jawbone. This can be done visually and with x-rays and CT scans. The quality of your jawbone will be assessed to decide what type of implant you will be able to have. If you have lost bone from your jaw but you do want an endosteal dental implant, you can decide to have a bone graft done beforehand to make sure there is enough bone to screw the implant into. These options will be discussed with you.

If there is still a tooth present, this will need to be extracted before the implant can be placed. Then, the titanium implant will be screwed into your jaw. The gum is stitched back over the top of it to allow it to heal. You won’t be able to feel the implant in your mouth at this stage.

The implant will need time to fuse to the bone before the replacement tooth can be added. This can take between 6 weeks and 6 months. Sometimes a temporary tooth is fitted to allow the gums to heal around the tooth, and then the final tooth can be affixed later.

Is it painful?

Dental implants or bọc răng sứ đà nẵng are usually fitted under local anesthetic so you should feel no pain during the procedure. Afterward, you will feel a similar level of discomfort as you would after a tooth extraction. Over-the-counter pain medications should be enough to deal with the pain.

How much do dental implants cost?

A single implant can cost between $3,000 and $4,500. If you need to replace all of your teeth, opting for an all-on-4 procedure could be more cost-effective. This involved placing four implants, two in the top and two in the bottom jaw, and fixing an entire set of teeth onto these. The cost of all-on-4 dental implants is between $12,000 and $25,000 per jaw.
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